Saturday, 5 August 2017

Revised syllabus for SYBSc Botany

Syllabus for the S.Y.B.Sc. Program: B.Sc. Course:BOTANY
SEMESTER III THEORY
Course Code
Title Credits USBO301
PLANT DIVERSITY
2 Credits (45 lectures )

Unit I : Thallophyta (Algae) & Bryophyta
 General Characters of Division Phaeophyta: Distribution, Cell structure,
     range of thallus, Economic Importance.
 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of Sargassum
 General Account of Class Anthocerotae and Musci
 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of
o Anthoceros
o Funaria

15 Lectures

Unit II: Angiosperms
Systematics: Objectives and Goals of Plant systematic
 Plant Nomenclature
 Taxonomy in relation to
Anatomy
Palynology
Chemical constituents
Embryology
Cytology
Ecology
o With the help of Bentham and Hooker’s system of Classification
for flowering plants study the vegetative, floral characters and
economic importance of the following families: 
o Leguminosae
o Asterace
o Amaranthaceae
o Palmae

15 Lectures

Unit III :Modern Techniques to Study Plant Diversity
Preservation methods :Dry and Wet method
 Microscopy – Principle and working of Light, and electron microscope.
 Chromatography- Principles and techniques in paper and thin layer
     chromatography. 
 Principles and techniques of Horizontal and Vertical electrophoresis. 

15 Lectures

PRACTICAL

Semester III USBOP3 Cr

PRACTICAL Paper I – Plant Diversity II 

Algae & Bryophyta 
1. Study of stages in the life cycle of Sargassum from fresh/ preserved
    material and permanent slides.
2. Economic importance and range of thallus in Phaeophyta
3 Study of stages in the life cycle of Anthoceros from fresh/ preserved
    material and permanent slides.
4 Study of stages in the life cycle of Funaria from fresh/ preserved
    material and permanent slides.

Angiosperms
5. Study of plants for anatomy in relation to taxonomy
6. Study of plants for Phenols and Flavanoids ( chemotaxonomy)
7. Study of one plant from each family prescribed for theory:
morphological peculiarities and economic importance of the members of
these families.

Techniques to study Plant Diversity
8. Preparation of herbarium and wet preservation technique
9. Chromatography: Separation of amino by circular paper chromatography
10. Separation of Carotenoids by thin layer chromatography
11. Horizontal and Vertical Gel Electrophoresis – Demonstration

SEMESTER IV
THEORY
Course Code
Title Credits
USBO401
PLANT DIVERSITY
2 Credits (45 lectures )
Unit I : Thallophyta: Fungi, Plant Pathology and Lichens Fungi
 General characters of Ascomycetae
 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of Erysiphe and Xylaria
 Plant Pathology- Symptoms, causative organism, disease cycle and
control measures of o Powdery mildew and Late blight of potato
 Lichens- Classification, Structure, Method of Reproduction, Economic
Importance and Ecological Significance of Lichens.

15 Lectures
Unit II: Pteridophyta and Paleobotany Pteridophyta-
 Salient features and classification upto orders (with examples of each)
     of Psilophyta and Lepidophyta (G M Smith’s system of classification to be followed)
 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of Selaginella
 Paleobotany- The geological time scale; Formation and types of fossils;
    Structure and systematic position of form genus Rhynia
15 Lectures
Unit III : Gymnosperms
 Salient features, classification up to orders (with examples of each) and
economic importance of Coniferophyta (Chamberlain’s system of
classification to be followed)
 Structure life cycle and systematic position of Pinus
 Structure and systematic position of the form genus Cordaites
15 Lectures

PRACTICAL
Semester III USBOP4 Cr
PRACTICAL Paper I – Plant Diversity II 1
    Fungi and Plant Pathology
1 Study of stages in the life cycle of Erysiphe from fresh/ preserved material and
    permanent slides.
2 Study of stages in the life cycle of Xylaria from fresh/ preserved material and
    permanent slides.
3 Study of fungal diseases as prescribed for theory.
4 Study of Lichens (crustose, foliose, & fruiticose).
    Pteridophyta and Palaeobotany
5-6 Study of stages in the life cycle of Selaginella from fresh/ preserved material
    and permanent slides.
7 Study of form genera Rhynia with the help of permanent slides/
    photomicrographs.

     Gymnosperms
8- Study of stages in the life cycle of Pinus from fresh/ preserved material and
    permanent slides.
9- Study of the form genus Cordaites with the help of permanent slide/ photomicrographs.

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