Monday, 16 December 2013

Academic Council 25/05/2011
Item No. 4.52
UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI 


Syllabus for the F.Y.B.Sc. 
Program: B.Sc. 
Course : Botany 

(Credit Based Semester and Grading System with
effect from the academic year 2011–2012)


Course Code : USBOT101 
Semester I 

Plant Diversity

UNIT I (Lecture 15)
MICROBIOLOGY 
1 BACTERIA 
Size Shape and arrangement; Ultra-structure of bacterial cell;
Growth and Reproduction (binary fission, endospore formation,
conjugation). Significance of bacteria.

2 VIRUSES
General characters, size and shapes; Ultrastructure; Classification (Plant,
animal & bacterial virus); Multiplication of bacteriophage T4.
Significance of viruses.

3 FERMENTATION
Detailed account of fermentation process of alcohol and acetic acid

ALGAE
1 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of Zygnema
2 Economic Importance of Algae with special reference to Biofertilizers and
Food.


UNIT II FUNGI AND LICHENS (Lecture 15)
FUNGI
1 Structure, life cycle and systematic position of Rhizopus and Aspergillus
2 Modes of nutrition in Fungi: Saprophytism and Parasitism
3 Economic Importance of Fungi
LICHENS
 Classification, Structure, Method of Reproduction, Economic Importance
and Ecological Significance of Lichens.


UNIT III BRYOPHYTA (Lecture 15)
1 Structure life cycle, systematic position and alternation of generations in
Riccia

Course Code : USBOT102 
Semester I L Cr 
Form and Function

UNIT I (Lecture 15)
PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY 
1 ENZYMES 
Classification, mode of action, enzyme specification and inhibition

2 WATER PLANT INTERACTION- 
Structure and properties of water, the polarity of water; Water transport
processes; Osmosis; Water potential.

3 MINERAL NUTRITION
 Essential nutrients, deficiencies and plant disorders; Treating nutrient
deficiencies; Soil roots and microbes.

UNIT II (Lecture 15)  
CELL BIOLOGY
1 Ultra structure and functions of the cell wall
Plasma membrane (bilayer lipid structure, fluid mosaic model)

2 Ultra structure and functions of the following cell organelles: Mitochondrion
and Chloroplast

3 Ultra structure of the Interphase Nucleus
4 Ultrastructure of Chromosome


UNIT III (Lecture 15)
GENETICS 
1 GENETIC INHERITANCE
Mendelian Inheritance: Dominance and Incomplete dominance
Gene interaction: Non-epistatic interaction, Epistatic interaction –
recessive epistasis, duplicate recessive epistasis, dominant epistasis and
duplicate dominant epistasis.

2 SEX DETERMINATION-
Chromosomal sex determination:
 Heterogametic male – XX-XY (man, Drosophila, ) XX-XO (Grass-hopper);
Heterogametic female – ZW-ZZ (fowl); Genetic Counselling

Course Code : USBOTP1 
Semester I L Cr 

 PRACTICAL – Plant Diversity 
1 Gram staining of Bacteria and yeast
2 Alcohol fermentation by Kuhne’s tube (demonstration only)
3 Study of stages in the life cycle of Zygnema from fresh/ preserved material
and permanent slides.

4 Study of stages in the life cycle of Rhizopus from fresh/ preserved material
and permanent slides.

5 Study of stages in the life cycle of Aspergillus from fresh/ preserved material
and permanent slides.

6 Study of Crustose, Foliose and Fructicose Lichen
7 Study of stages in the life cycle of Riccia from fresh/ preserved material.
8 Study of stages in the life cycle of Riccia with the help of permanent slides.


 PRACTICAL - FORM AND FUNCTION 1 30 1
1 Study of the activity of the enzyme amylase, effect of variation of substrate
concentration.

2 Immobilization of enzymes: Encapsulation
3 Determination of solute potential by plasmolytic method
4 Determination of chloride uptake
5 Examination of electron micrographs of eukaryotic cells with special
reference to cell organelles

6 Examining various stages of mitosis in root tip cells (Allium)
7 Study of karyoptypes:Normal male
8 Study of karyoptypes:Normal female
9 Demonstration of Drosophila culture : Morphological differentiation of male
and female Drosophila

Course Code : USBOT201 
Semester II  

Plant Diversity 


UNIT I (Lecture 15)
PTERIDOPHYTES 
1 Structure life cycle, systematic position and alternation of generations in
Nephrolepis

GYMNOSPERMS
2 Structure life cycle systematic position and alternation of generations in
Cycas

3 Economic importance of Gymnosperms

Unit II (Lecture 15)
ANATOMY 
1. Tissue Systems in plants: Introduction to various tissue systems in plants:
Epidermal tissue system, epidermal outgrowths, stomata ( typical
dicot and monocot stomata)

2 Study of the primary structure of dicot and monocot root, stem and leaf

UNIT III (Lecture 15)
ANGIOSPERMS
Bentham and Hooker’s system of classification up to orders with respect to
the following prescribed families

1 Malvaceae
2 Leguminosae (Papilionaceae, Caesalpinae and Mimosae)
3 Asteraceae
4 Solanaceae
5 Amaryllidaceae

Course Code : USBOT202 Semester II Hrs Cr
Form and Function 1 45 2

UNIT I (Lecture 15)
ENVIRONMENTAL BOTANY
1 ECOSYSTEMS-
Structure, functions and types of ecosystems;
Productivity in an Ecosystem ( Terrestrial/ Pond)

2 APPLIED ECOLOGY-
Environmental Biotechnology- Bioremediation.
Principles of conservation: Ex Situ and In Situ


UNIT II (Lecture 15)
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 
1 DNA- THE GENETIC MATERIAL-
DNA structure and replication(prokaryotic and eukaryotic),

2 ENZYMES IN GENE CLONING 
Endonucleases, Exonucleases, Ligases

3 CLONING VECTORS
Plasmid ( pBR322) , Phage, Cosmid


UNIT III (Lecture 15)
CURRENT TRENDS IN PLANT SCIENCES 
1 HERBAL COSMETICS IN SKIN CARE – 
Concepts and applications, present status and scope : Structure of Human Skin.

2 AROMATHERAPY
Concepts and applications, present status and scope.

3 HORTICULTURE 
Definition, branches, present status and scope.

4 FORESTRY 
Definition, branches, present status and scope
Minor Products From Forests: Gums, Resins, shellac, Tendu leaves.

=====
 Course Code : USBOTP2 Semester II Cr 

 PRACTICAL – Plant Diversity 1  Cr

1 Study of stages in the life cycle of Nephrolepis from permanent slides (only pinna
for section cutting).

2 Study of stages in the life cycle of Cycas from permanent slides (only pinna for
section cutting)

3 Study of Epidermal outgrowths of Unicellular (unbranched and branched),
Multicellular (unbranched and branched), peltate and glandular types.

4 Study of typical dicot and monocot stomata
5 Study of primary structure of typical Dicot and Monocot root
6 Study of primary structure of typical Dicot and Monocot stem.
7 Malvaceae
8 Leguminosae
9 Asteraceae
10 Solanaceae
11 Amaryllidaceae

 PRACTICAL – Form and Function 1 Cr 
1 Frequency distribution, graphical representation of data- frequency polygon,
histogram, pie chart.
1
2 Calculation of mean, median and mode.
3 Calculation of standard deviation
3 Identification of plants used in skin care(3plants and 3 products)
4 Identification of plants used in aromatherapy(3 plants and 3 products)
5 Landscape gardening Plants for following locations : Floral beds – seasonal;
Hedges, Borders, Lawns, Avenues.

6 Preparation of a terrarium (demonstration)
7 Identification of forest products: Gum, resin, shellac and Tendu leaves


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